Confederate Soldiers & 
General Lee’s Warhorse
 
THOMAS ROGERS BROUN (1846 - 1927) was born in Northern Neck Virginia and fought for the Confederacy in the Civil War serving with Moseby’s Raiders. After the war, he moved first to Missouri, then settled in North Texas where he never did swear allegiance to the union. In Texas he met and married Leta Mary Van Meter.  The couple had a farm in Greenwood, Texas, and were parents of nine children. According to family lore, Thomas Broun was friends with the infamous Judge Roy L. Bean.  His name is on the list of Graves of Confederate Veterans of Texas. Leta Mary Van Meter Broun received a widow’s pension until her death in 1939. (based on family information from, among others, William C. Broun and Claude A.  Broun)

BIOGRAPHIES OF WEST VIRGINIA CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS
From Confederate Military History, edited by Gen. Clement A. Evans, 1899
Presented by Linda Cunningham Fluharty. Th
http://www.wvgenweb.org/wvmilitary/confed-all.htm
MAJOR JOSEPH M. BROUN, of Charleston, W. Va., was born at Middleburg, Va., December 23, 1835, a descendant of William Broun, a Scotchman of French descent, who settled in Westmoreland county and practiced law in the colonial period. He was educated at the Ridgeway academy, the university of Virginia in 1853-54, and the university of Georgia in 1855. During 1857 he was with the command of Col. Joseph E. Johnston, employed in marking the thirty-seventh parallel between Kansas and Indian Territory, and in 1859 he was engaged in teaching at Bloomfield academy, near the university of Virginia, under his brother, Prof. William LeRoy Broun, now a distinguished educator residing at Auburn, Ala. He studied law at the university during 1859 and 1860, and in the fall of the latter year entered the practice with his brother, Maj. T. L. Broun, at Charleston, Kanawha county. At that place, previous to the war, he became a member of the Kanawha rifles, under Capt. George S. Patton, and in December, while using one of the flint-lock muskets with which the company were equipped, was badly crippled in the left arm by the explosion of the piece. For this reason he was not mustered in with the company in the spring of 1861, but in July of that year he accompanied his brother and a force of Boone and Logan county volunteers up the Big Coal river, meeting General Wise at White Sulphur Springs. Subsequently he was appointed by General Wise captain and assistant quartermaster of the Third Wise legion, which upon the reorganization under General Lee became the Sixtieth regiment, Virginia infantry. In December following he accompanied the regiment, under General Lee's command, to Pocotaligo, S. C. In May, 1862, the regiment was with the army of Gen. J. E. Johnston before Richmond, but in June Captain Broun was again ordered to South Carolina and stationed at Georgetown. Remaining in this department, he was transferred, in 1864, to Augusta, Ga., where he remained until early in the spring of 1865, when he was ordered to report in person to the quartermaster-general at Richmond. Starting upon the Journey, notwithstanding the interference of General Sherman with safe and comfortable travel at that time, he proceeded in company with Major Hill, a wounded Georgia soldier, in a wagon drawn by mules, until he reached Abbeville, where he learned the fate of Richmond, the surrender of Lee and the assasination of President Lincoln. Near this point President Davis had arrived, escorted by a body of mounted Kentuckians and Texans, chiefly, with whom Captain Broun and Major Hill turned back to Georgia. Quartermaster-General Lawton placed Captain Broun in charge of the specie wagon train, and the dangerous and delicate trust was faithfully executed. President Davis, foreseeing that the large escort would invite attack from the enemy, directed the troops to break up into small squads, and make their way through the country to the department commanded by Gen. Kirby Smith. At first the men refused to leave the President. One Texan, who enjoyed a remarkable resemblance to Mr. Davis, urged him to exchange personality, in order to facilitate his escape, proposing to take the risk of the Confederate presidency and turn over to Mr. Davis his Rangers' uniform. But the President refused, declaring that he would assume no disguise during his retreat to the West. Captain Broun was informally promoted major by the President and continued in charge of the specie, until it was finally disposed of under orders, undergoing not a few perils in this duty. After separating from Mr. Davis, he accompanied Major Hill to Athens, surrendered at Augusta, and finally returned to his home in Virginia. Resuming the practice of law at Charleston, he has become distinguished in his profession.

MAJOR THOMAS L. BROUN, of Charleston, W. Va., a well-known attorney and for many years prominently identified with the development of the Kanawha valley, is a native of Loudoun county, Va., the son of Edwin Conway and Elizabeth Broun, and the grandson of William Broun, a native of Scotland who settled in Westmoreland county and engaged in the practicc of law in tho colonial period. William Broun was the son of George and Margaret Broun of Scotland. Tho maternal grandparents of Major Broun were Dr. James Channel and Susan, his wife, nee Susan Pickett, of Fruit Farm, Fauquier county, Va. Dr. Robert Broun, a brother of William Broun, settled near Charleston, S. C., and the descendants of the two brothers are now prominent throughout many parts of the South. The Brouns constitute a very old and prominent family in Scotland. It is said the family originated in Bordeaux, France, where the name was spelled Brohnn, subsequently contracted into Broun, with an accent on the u, showing the abbreviation of the name. Major Broun graduated at the university of Virginia in 1848, and two years later, after teaching school in his native county, he removed to Charleston, in Kanawha county, and began the study of law in the office of the Hon. George W. Summers. He was admitted to the bar in 1852, and soon became associated in business with W. S. Rosecrans and others as the attorney for companies engaged in mining and shipping coal from the Coal River region. After the resignation of Rosecrans from the office of president of the Coal River navigation company Major Broun was elected to that position, which he held until the beginning of the war in 1861. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as a private in the Kanawha riflemen, which became the nucleus for the Twenty-second Virginia infantry regiment; and shared the operations of that command until promoted, in the fall of 1861, to major of the Third regiment in Wise's legion, subsequently known as the Sixtieth regiment Virginia infantry. In November he was taken sick with camp fever on Big Sewell Mountain, Va., and remained disabled for duty until February, 1862, when he reported for duty at Richmond. His regiment having meanwhile been removed from the Wise legion and ordered to South Carolina, he was detailed at Dublin depot in Pulaski county, Va., as post commandant and quartermaster. In this capacity he continued, efficiently caring for the large interests of the Confederate government at that point, until May 9, 1864, he went into the battle of Cloyd's Mountain, near Dublin depot, as a volunteer aide-de-camp upon the staff of Col. Beuhring Jones, then commanding the Sixtieth Virginia regiment, formerly the Third regiment in the Wise legion. In the bloody battle which followed Major Broun was terribly wounded, causing his disability during the remainder of that year. In January, 1865, while convalescent, he was ordered to Wilmington, N. C., to take charge of the paper mills in the Carolinas and Georgia, which were supplying the government printing establishment at Columbia, S. C. This duty Major Broun discharged until the occupation of that territory by Sherman's army, after which he proceeded to Richmond. After the evacuation he followed our retreating army, but at Amherst Court House, Va., learned of the surrender. Two months later he returned to Charleston, W. Va., and was soon re-elected to the position of president of the Coal River navigation company, which he had relinquished in 1861. But as Confederate soldiers were at that time disbarred from the practice of law in West Virginia, he removed to New York city in June, 1866, and was there busied with professional work until November, 1870, making West Virginia law and land titles a specialty of his practice. In 1870 political disabilities were removed from Confederates by the West Virginia legislature, and lawyers who had been in the Confederate service were thereafter permitted to practice law in West Virginia. Since 1870 Major Broun has been a resident of Charleston, and has achieved high rank as a lawyer and business man. He has been active for many years in disseminating information regarding the resources of the Great Kanawha river and its tributaries, and in attracting capital to the development of the Coal River region especially. He is a member of the Masonic order, a vestryman and warden in the Episcopal church, and is a director of the Sheltering Arms hospital of Paint Creek, Kanawha county. With his old comrades he maintains an association through membership in Patton camp, with the United Confederate Veterans. In June, 1866, Major Broun was married to Mary M., daughter of Col. Edmund Fontaine, of Hanover county, Va., who was the first president of the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, and for many years previous to that the president of the Virginia Central railroad. 















                    General Lee on Traveller


                                                                                                                                              Major Thomas L. Broun

General R. E. Lee's War-Horses, Traveller And Lucy Long.
Southern Historical Society Papers.
Vol. XVIII. Richmond, Va., January-December. 1890.
The following communication from Major Thomas L. Broun, Charleston, Kanawha county, West Virginia, appeared in the Richmond Dispatch August 10, 1886:
        "In view of the fact that great interest is felt in the monument about to be erected to General Lee, and that many are desirous that his war-horse should be represented in the monument, and as I once owned this horse, I herewith give you some items respecting this now famous war-horse, Traveller.
        "He was raised by Mr. Johnston, near the Blue Sulphur Springs, in Greenbrier county, Virginia (now West Virginia); was of the ' Gray Eagle' stock, and, as a colt, took the first premium under the name of 'Jeff Davis' at the Lewisburg fairs for each of the years 1859 and 1860. He was four years old in the spring of 1861. When the Wise legion was encamped on Sewell mountain, opposing the advance of the Federal Army under Rosecranz, in the fall of 1861, I was major to the Third regiment of infantry in that legion, and my brother, Captain Joseph M. Broun, was quartermaster to the same regiment.
        "I authorized my brother to purchase a good serviceable horse of the best Greenbrier stock for our use during the war.
        "After much inquiry and search he came across the horse above mentioned, and I purchased him for $175 (gold value), in the fall of 1861, from Captain James W. Johnston, son of the Mr. Johnston first above mentioned. When the Wise legion was encamped about Meadow Bluff and Big Sewell mountains, I rode this horse, which was then greatly admired in camp for his rapid, springy walk, his high spirit, bold carriage, and muscular strength.
        "He needed neither whip nor spur, and would walk his five or six miles an hour over the rough mountain roads of Western Virginia with his rider sitting firmly in the saddle and holding him in check by a tight rein, such vim and eagerness did he manifest to go right ahead so soon as he was mounted.
        "When General Lee took command of the Wise legion and Floyd brigade that were encamped at and near Big Sewell mountains, in the fall of 1861, he first saw this horse, and took a great fancy to it. He called it his colt, and said that he would use it before the war was over. Whenever the General saw my brother on this horse he had something pleasant to say to him about 'my colt,' as he designated this horse. As the winter approached, the climate in the West Virginia mountains caused Rosecranz's army to abandon its position on Big Sewell and retreat westward. General Lee was thereupon ordered to South Carolina. The Third regiment of the Wise legion was subsequently detached from the army in Western Virginia and ordered to the South Carolina coast, where it was known as the Sixtieth Virginia regiment, under Colonel Starke. Upon seeing my brother on this horse near Pocotalipo, in South Carolina, General Lee at once recognized the horse, and again inquired of him pleasantly about 'his colt.'
      "My brother then offered him the horse as a gift, which the General promptly declined, and at the same time remarked: 'If you will willingly sell me the horse, I will gladly use it for a week or so to learn its qualities.' Thereupon my brother had the horse sent to General Lee's stable. In about a week the horse was returned to my brother, with a note from General Lee stating that the animal suited him, but that he could not longer use so valuable a horse in such times, unless it was his own; that if he (my brother) would not sell, please to keep the horse, with many thanks. This was in February, 1862. At that time I was in Virginia, on the sick list from a long and severe attack of camp fever, contracted in the campaign on Big Sewell mountains. My brother wrote me of General Lee's desire to have the horse, and asked me what he should do. I replied at once: 'If he will not accept it, then sell it to him at what it cost me.' He then sold the horse to General Lee for $200 in currency, the sum of $25 having been added by General Lee to the price I paid for the horse in September, 1861, to make up the depreciation in our currency from September, 1861, to February, 1862.
        "In 1868 General Lee wrote to my brother, stating that this horse had survived the war--was known as 'Traveller' (spelling the word with a double l in good English style), and asking for its pedigree, which was obtained, as above mentioned, and sent by my brother to General Lee." http://www.wvgenweb.org/wvmilitary/confed-all.htmshapeimage_2_link_0